The aim was to compare the National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF) and the UK National Osteoporosis Guideline Group (NOGG) guidelines for the detection of vertebral fractures in postmenopausal Chinese women. The NOF guidelines had higher accuracy than the UK guidelines for spinal radiography examination.
To compare the National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF) and the UK National Osteoporosis Guideline Group (NOGG) guidelines for the detection of vertebral fractures in postmenopausal Chinese women.
A cross-sectional study on 255 community-dwelling postmenopausal women was conducted in Hunan province in 2017. Demographic and clinical characteristics and risk factors were recorded through questionnaires. Height and weight were measured using standard methods, and bone mineral density (BMD) was measured with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Vertebral fractures were diagnosed by radiography using semi-quantitative morphometry.
The prevalence of vertebral fractures was 9.4%. Women with vertebral fractures were significantly older and shorter, had higher years-since menopause and height loss values and lower BMD and T-scores at the femoral neck and total hip, and were more likely to have a history of previous fractures. The sensitivity and specificity of the NOF guidelines were 91.7% and 39.8%, respectively, while the NOGG guidelines had lower sensitivity (87.5%) and specificity (32.5%). However, a higher percentage had indications for radiography in the 50-64 years age group according to the NOGG guidelines, while a higher percentage had indications for radiography in the ≥ 65 year group according to the NOF guidelines.
The NOF guidelines were better than the NOGG guidelines for spinal radiography examination in the Chinese postmenopausal women.

References

PubMed