Compound Dan Zhi tablet (DZT) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine formula. It has been used for the treatment of ischemic stroke for many years in clinical. However, its pharmacological mechanism is unclear.
The aim of the current study was to understand the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of DZT on ischemic stroke.
Fifteen representative chemical markers in DZT were determined by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS). The protective effect of DZT against ischemic stroke was studied in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), and the mechanism was further explored through a combination of network pharmacology and experimental verification.
Quantitative analysis showed that the contents of phenolic acids, furan sulfonic acids, tanshinones, flavonoids, saponins and phthalides in DZT were calculated as 7.47, 0.788, 0.627, 0.531 and 0.256 mg/g, respectively. Phenolic acids were the most abundant constituents. Orally administered DZT (1.701 g kg) significantly alleviated the infarct size and neurological scores in MCAO rats. The network analysis predicted that 53 absorbed active compounds in DZT-treated plasma targeted 189 proteins and 47 pathways. Ten pathways were associated with anti-platelet activity. In further experiments, DZT (0.4 and 0.8 mg mL) markedly inhibited in vitro prostaglandin G/H synthase 1 (PTGS1) activity. DZT (0.4 and 0.8 mg mL) significantly inhibited in vitro platelet aggregation in response to ADP or AA. DZT (113 and 226 mg kg, p.o.) also produced a marked inhibition of ADP- or AA-induced ex vivo platelet aggregation with a short duration of action. DZT decreased the level of thromboxane A (TXA) in MCAO rats. In the carrageenan-induced tail thrombosis model and ADP-induced acute pulmonary thromboembolism mice model, DZT (113 and 226 mg kg, p.o.) prevented thrombus formation. Importantly, DZT (113 and 226 mg kg, p.o.) exhibited a low bleeding liability.
DZT protected against cerebral ischemic injury. The inhibition of TXA level, platelet aggregation and thrombosis formation might involve in the protective mechanism.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier GmbH.