Cone dystrophy with supernormal rod response (CDSRR) is an autosomal recessive retinal disorder characterized by myopia, dyschromatopsia, nyctalopia, photophobia, and nystagmus. CDSRR is caused by mutations in KCNV2, the gene encoding for an electrically silent Kv subunit (Kvs) named Kv8.2.
A Chinese CDSRR family was recruited. Complete ophthalmology clinical examinations were performed to clarify the phenotype. Genetic examination was underwent using whole exome sequencing (WES). In addition, a candidate gene was validated by Sanger sequencing. Expression analysis in vitro including immunoblotting, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and co-immunoprecipitation experiments was performed to investigate the pathogenic mechanism of the identified gene variants.
WES identified two KCNV2 heterozygous mutations from the proband. Sanger sequencing validated that the patient’s parents had, respectively, carried those two mutations. Further in vitro functional experiments indicated that the mutated alleles had led the Kv8.2 proteins to fail in expressing and interacting with the Kv2.1 protein, respectively.
This study expanded the KCNV2 mutation spectrum. It can also be deduced that CDSRR has a broad heterogeneity. It is further confirmed that the inability expression of Kv8.2 proteins and the failure of Kv8.2 proteins to interact with Kv2.1 may have accounted for the etiology of CDSRR based on previous studies and this study.

© 2021 The Authors. Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.
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