AIDS and behavior 2017 01 20() doi 10.1007/s10461-017-1689-6
Self-report is typically used to differentiate between asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment (ANI) and mild neurocognitive disorder (MND) in the assessment of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). Yet, it is unclear whether the lack of self-reported functional impairments in individuals with ANI is indicative of a genuine absence of functional impairment, or of inaccurate self-reports. In the present study, we examined the relationship between previously validated self-report (patient’s assessment of own functioning inventory; instrumental activities of daily living inventory) and performance-based (the Texas Functional Living Scale) measures of functional abilities in 112 virologically-controlled HIV-infected, and 40 well-matched, HIV-uninfected participants. Participants with symptomatic cognitive impairment (CI) had significantly lower overall scores and higher rates of impairment on a performance-based measure of everyday functioning as compared to participants with either asymptomatic CI or normal cognitive performance (WNL [within normal limits]; all p < 0.05), while asymptomatic CI and WNL participants had comparable rates of impairment and performance within the average range on the performance-based measure. The concordance between self-report and performance-based measures of everyday functioning in asymptomatic and symptomatic CI provide support for ANI and MND as clinically distinct diagnostic entities, and support the use of self-reports as appropriate measures of everyday functioning in the diagnosis of HAND.