This study aims to identify the aspects associated with resistance to contraception, providing healthcare workers with the necessary tools to increase compliance with contraception and, ultimately, reduce the rate of voluntary abortions.

We reviewed the literature published in Medline between 1st January 2000 and 31st July 2020. We included studies based on qualitative analyses, describing women’s perception and attitudes towards contraception, including a population aged 15 years or older and conducted in either Europe or North America.

We included 23 articles in the study. Resistance to contraceptive uptake was most frequently due to ambivalence about pregnancy, with up to 54% of ambivalent women reporting not using any means of contraception, and communication issues with the partner and health care provider, with a positive association found between communication with the partner and contraceptive use. Barriers to contraceptive use were the quality of the relationship with the partner, the perception of the risk of becoming pregnant after unprotected sexual intercourse, and unfamiliarity with contraception.

The study concluded that family planning consultations should acknowledge the aspects that influence contraceptive uptake and address them as part of their talks.