The study aimed to examine the relationship between a history of induced abortion and the current use of contraception among reproductive-aged women.

The analyzed data were a weighted sample of 6544 sexually active, non-pregnant women, obtained from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. Survey logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the odds of currently using any contraception and using a modern contraception method, given a history of induced abortion in the period 2009–2014.

History of induced abortion between 2009 and 2014 was reported by 17.4% of women; 28.7% were currently using a contraception method, and 23.0% were now using a modern contraception method. The majority of current contraceptive users were using a modern approach. The adjusted analysis revealed no statistically significant association between a history of induced abortion and current contraceptive behavior. Other factors were associated with everyday contraceptive use.

Overall, the use of contraception among sexually active women in Ghana was found to below. Our findings showed that women’s experience of induced abortion was unlikely to influence their current use of modern contraception.