To determine the intensity of corneal pigmented arc in orthokeratology (ortho-k)-treated children and its correlation with wide epithelial thickness map (ETM) obtained through anterior segment optical coherent tomography (AS-OCT).
This retrospective case series reviews medical records of children who received ortho-k treatment for myopia control. Intensity of ortho-k-associated pigmented arc after wearing ortho-k lens more than 12 months and its correlation with each sector/zone of wide ETM obtained by AS-OCT was explored. Pigmented arcs were further divided into apparent and unapparent groups, and the clinical differences between groups were determined.
This study included 57 eyes of 29 children (mean age, 11.4 years, range 9-15); after initiating ortho-k treatment, the incidence of the corneal pigmented arc was 91.2% with mean lens wear duration of 26.1 months. Intensity of pigmented arc was significantly correlated with lens wear duration, target power, baseline degree of myopia, C zone and sectors I2, I3 and IT3 on wide ETM. Comparison between apparent and unapparent groups showed the same significant results except for C zone. After adjusting for lens wear duration and target power, sector I2 has the highest association with pigmented arc severity.
Children treated with ortho-k are likely to develop ortho-k-associated pigmented arcs. The new wide ETM of AS-OCT can provide important information regarding the intensity of pigmented arc in these children. This can support customized pigmented arc-free ortho-k treatment for children in the future.

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