The aim is To investigate the incidence of coronary artery abnormalities (CAAs) by fever pattern after intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy in patients with Kawasaki disease. This retrospective cohort study included 172 patients with Kawasaki disease aged ≤12 years who underwent IVIG therapy and had no CAAs before treatment. Resistance to initial IVIG was defined as persistent fever ≥37.5 °C for ≥24 hours after therapy or the recurrence of Kawasaki disease after initial defervescence. The patients were divided into 3 groups: IVIG responders, nonresponders with persistent fever, and nonresponders with recurrent fever. CAAs were evaluated 2 or 4 weeks and 12 months after onset and were defined by a coronary artery z-score ≥2.5. The incidence of CAAs within 12 months after onset was significantly higher in nonresponders with persistent fever (27%) compared with the other 2 groups. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, being a nonresponder with persistent fever was an independent risk factor for having CAAs within 12 months after the onset of Kawasaki disease (OR, 6.48; P = .007).


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