Among female patients with lower urinary tract symptoms, detrusor underactivity (DU) and detrusor overactivity-with-detrusor underactivity (DO-DU) are two common diagnoses. Here, we investigated the correlations between bladder wall thickness (BWT) and clinical manifestations of the two diagnoses.
From 2011 to 2016, female patients with DU or DO-DU, diagnosed at our institute, were recruited. We analyzed their urodynamic parameters and collected three questionnaires (IPSS, UDI-6, OABSS). Using transabdominal sonography, the BWT was recorded. DU was defined as follows: maximum free flow rate (Qmax) ≤ 15 cc/s; detrusor pressure at maximum flow (PdetQmax) ≤ 20 cmH2O; bladder capacity > 150 cc. DO-DU was defined as follows: Qmax ≤ 15 cc/s; PdetQmax ≤ 20 cmH2O; bladder capacity ≤ 150 cc. The BWTs of the two groups were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test; the correlations among the BWTs and the results of three questionnaires were analyzed using Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient.
Forty-eight female patients with DU and 13 with DO-DU were recruited. Demographic data revealed no differences between the two groups. The mean BWT of the DO-DU patients was significantly larger than that of the DU patients (4.11 vs 3.42 mm; p = 0.001). In the DO-DU group, a high correlation existed between the BWT and some of the UDI-6 items (urgency incontinence: r = 0.831, p = 0.006; incontinence related to activity: r = 0.884, p = 0.002; small amounts of leakage: r = 0.809, p = 0.008). The BWT of the DO-DU patients also exhibited a moderate correlation with the urgency incontinence from the OABSS questionnaire (r = 0.679; p = 0.044). No correlations existed between the BWT of the DU patients and any of the data from the three questionnaires.
The BWT in the DO-DU patients was significantly thicker than that in the DU patients. The DO-DU patients with thicker bladder walls also had higher UDI-6 scores for both urgency and urgency incontinence.

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