We evaluated tested derivatives in the mouse GI system under physiological (GI transit) and pathophysiological (castor oil diarrhea, stress-induced hypermotility, visceral pain) conditions.
Both compounds prolonged GI transit. Compound 1 and P-317 inhibited upper GI transit and motility of the colon; compound 2 remained inactive. Compound 1 and P-317 inhibited hypermotility in stressed mice and delayed the acute diarrhea in comparison to control. Only P-317 exerted antinociceptive effect. None of tested derivatives, similar to P-317, affected locomotor activity.
Compound 1 is equally effective as P-317 in the mouse GI tract. The peptide bond reduction decreased the activity of compound 2. Fluorination appears to be an efficient way to increase the effects of morphiceptin analogs in the GI tract.