BMC cardiovascular disorders 2018 02 0918(1) 29 doi 10.1186/s12872-018-0763-y
Inconsistent conclusions have been reported for the genetic relationship between CYP4F2 (Cytochrome P450 Family 4 Subfamily F Member 2) polymorphisms and the susceptibility to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
We performed a meta-analysis to assess the potential role of rs1558139 C/T and rs2108622 G/A polymorphisms of CYP4F2 in the risks of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The retrieval of four databases, including PubMed, Web of Science (WOS), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and WANFANG DATA, was conducted. Mantel-Haenszel statistics for association test, Cochran’s Q statistic, sensitivity analysis for heterogeneity assessment, and Begg’s/Egger’s tests for publication bias evaluation were performed under allele, homozygote, heterozygote, dominant, and recessive models, respectively.
A total of 597 articles were initially obtained by database searching, and twenty eligible articles were finally included. For rs1558139, a decreased risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases was observed in the overall meta-analysis and in "hypertension", "population-based" and "male" subgroups under models of T vs. C, CT vs. CC, and CT + TT vs. CC [all P values in association tests < 0.05, odds ratio (OR) < 1]. For rs2108622, a decreased coronary artery disease (CAD) risk was observed in the subgroup meta-analysis based on disease type under all genetic models (all P values in association tests < 0.05, OR< 1). Begg's/Egger's tests excluded the potential publication bias, while sensitivity analysis data supported the stability of the above results. CONCLUSION
C/T genotype of CYP4AF2 rs1558139 may be linked to the decreased risk of hypertension in the male patients of Asian populations, while CYP4F2 rs2108622 is likely associated with reduced susceptibility to CAD.