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Cytotoxic response against Epstein Barr virus coexists with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma tolerogenic microenvironment: clinical features and survival impact.

Cytotoxic response against Epstein Barr virus coexists with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma tolerogenic microenvironment: clinical features and survival impact.
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Cohen M, Vistarop AG, Huaman F, Narbaitz M, Metrebian F, De Matteo E, Preciado MV, Chabay PA,


Cohen M, Vistarop AG, Huaman F, Narbaitz M, Metrebian F, De Matteo E, Preciado MV, Chabay PA, (click to view)

Cohen M, Vistarop AG, Huaman F, Narbaitz M, Metrebian F, De Matteo E, Preciado MV, Chabay PA,

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Scientific reports 2017 09 077(1) 10813 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-11052-z
Abstract

Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) is present in neoplastic cells of 15% of Asian and Latin-American diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. Even though a tolerogenic microenvironment was recently described in DLBCL, little is known concerning immunomodulatory features induced by EBV. As suggested in Hodgkin lymphoma, EBV-specific cytotoxic T-cells are increased but showing immune exhaustion features. Hence, host immunity suppression may play a critical role in tumor progression. This study aimed to investigate, whether an association between tumor microenvironment features and EBV presence is taking place, and its clinical correlate. The incidence of EBV+DLBCL NOS was 12.6% in this cohort. Cytokine and chemokine transcripts expression and immunophenotype analysis showed that EBV infection was associated with increased gene expression of immunosuppressive cytokine (IL-10) together with increased CD8+ T-cells and granzyme B+ cytotoxic effector cells. However, this specific response coexists with a tolerogenic milieu, by PD-1 expression, in EBV+ and EBV-DLBCL cases. High PD-1+ cell counts, EBV presence and low CCL22 expression were associated with worse survival, supporting our hypothesis that EBV-specific response is mounted locally and its inhibition by, for example PD-1+ cells, may negatively affect outcome. The better understanding of the interplay between lymphoma cells and microenvironment in a viral framework could thereby facilitate the discovery of new targets for innovative anti-lymphoma treatment strategies.

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