We propose a novel clinically significant finding, de novo lupus-like glomerulonephritis (DNLLGN), in patients with autoantibodies and kidney abnormalities in pediatric liver transplant (LT) and intestinal inclusive transplants (ITx).
We describe the clinical, serologic, and histopathologic presentation and kidney outcomes in eight patients from our center found to have DNLLGN on kidney biopsy.
Pediatric recipients of non-kidney solid organ transplants developed an unusual de novo immune complex glomerulonephritis with morphologic similarity to lupus nephritis. Six had isolated LT (0.9% of all pediatric LT at our center) and two had ITx (2.1% of all ITx). Five (63%) presented with nephrotic syndrome. Five patients had autoantibodies. Patients underwent kidney biopsy at a mean of 11.5 years in LT and 2.8 years in ITx after the index transplant. Biopsies demonstrated changes similar to focal or diffuse active lupus. Follow-up eGFR at a mean of 6 years after biopsy showed a mean decrease of 30 ml/min/1.73 m in all patients (p = 0.11).
DNLLGN has not been previously recognized in this clinical setting, yet 8 kidney biopsies from pediatric recipients of LT and ITx at our center in 25 years demonstrated this finding. DNLLGN appears to be an under-reported phenomenon of clinical significance. A higher resolution version of the Graphical abstract is available as Supplementary information.

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