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Deciphering viral presences: two novel partial giant viruses detected in marine metagenome and in a mine drainage metagenome.

Deciphering viral presences: two novel partial giant viruses detected in marine metagenome and in a mine drainage metagenome.
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Andreani J, Verneau J, Raoult D, Levasseur A, La Scola B,


Andreani J, Verneau J, Raoult D, Levasseur A, La Scola B, (click to view)

Andreani J, Verneau J, Raoult D, Levasseur A, La Scola B,

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Virology journal 2018 04 1015(1) 66 doi 10.1186/s12985-018-0976-9
Abstract

Nucleo-cytoplasmic large DNA viruses are doubled stranded DNA viruses capable of infecting eukaryotic cells. Since the discovery of Mimivirus and Pandoravirus, there has been no doubt about their extraordinary features compared to "classic" viruses. Recently, we reported the expansion of the proposed family Pithoviridae, with the description of Cedratvirus and Orpheovirus, two new viruses related to Pithoviruses. Studying the major capsid protein of Orpheovirus, we detected a homologous sequence in a mine drainage metagenome. The in-depth exploration of this metagenome, using the MG-Digger program, enabled us to retrieve up to 10 contigs with clear evidence of viral sequences. Moreover, phylogenetic analyses further extended our screening with the discovery in another marine metagenome of a second virus closely related to Orpheovirus IHUMI-LCC2. This virus is a misidentified virus confused with and annotated as a Rickettsiales bacterium. It presents a partial genome size of about 170 kbp.

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