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Decrease of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in adults after introduction of pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine in Spain.

Decrease of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in adults after introduction of pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine in Spain.
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Càmara J, Marimón JM, Cercenado E, Larrosa N, Quesada MD, Fontanals D, Cubero M, Pérez-Trallero E, Fenoll A, Liñares J, Ardanuy C,


Càmara J, Marimón JM, Cercenado E, Larrosa N, Quesada MD, Fontanals D, Cubero M, Pérez-Trallero E, Fenoll A, Liñares J, Ardanuy C, (click to view)

Càmara J, Marimón JM, Cercenado E, Larrosa N, Quesada MD, Fontanals D, Cubero M, Pérez-Trallero E, Fenoll A, Liñares J, Ardanuy C,

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PloS one 2017 04 0612(4) e0175224 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0175224
Abstract

A prospective laboratory-based multicenter study that collected all adult invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) episodes from 6 Spanish hospitals before (2008-2009) and after (2012-2013). The 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) licensure was conducted in order to analyze the impact of PCV13 introduction for children on adult IPD. A total of 1558 IPD episodes were detected. The incidence of IPD decreased significantly in the second period by -33.9% (95% CI, -40.3% to -26.8%). IPD due to PCV7 serotypes (-52.7%; 95% CI, -64.2% to -37.5%) and to PCV13 additional serotypes (-55.0% 95% CI, -62.0% to -46.7%) significantly decreased whereas IPD due to non-PCV13 serotypes remained stable (1.0% 95% CI, -12.9% to 17.2%). IPD due to all PCV13 additional serotypes significantly declined with the exception of serotype 3 (-11.3%; 95%CI -35.0% to 21.1%). IPD due to two non-PCV13 serotypes varied: serotype 6C that rose (301.6%; 95%CI, 92.7% to 733.3%, p<0.001), related to the expansion of ST3866C, and serotype 8 that decreased (-34.9%, 95%CI, -57.1 to -1.2, p = 0.049), related to a decline of the ST638. The recombinant clone ST652111A (variant of ST1569V) increased in frequency. The decrease of serotype 19A IPD was linked to a fall in those antibiotic susceptible clones. In the last period, rates of penicillin- and cefotaxime-resistance remained under 10% and 4%, respectively. Adult IPD decreased after the PCV13 introduction in Spain due to herd protection. The spread of multidrug resistant clones (ST3866C, ST652111A) related to non-PCV13 serotypes needs further surveillance.

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