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Delinquency and sexual experiences across adolescence: does depression play a role?

Delinquency and sexual experiences across adolescence: does depression play a role?
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Savioja H, Helminen M, Fröjd S, Marttunen M, Kaltiala-Heino R,


Savioja H, Helminen M, Fröjd S, Marttunen M, Kaltiala-Heino R, (click to view)

Savioja H, Helminen M, Fröjd S, Marttunen M, Kaltiala-Heino R,

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The European journal of contraception & reproductive health care : the official journal of the European Society of Contraception 2017 09 1322(4) 298-304 doi 10.1080/13625187.2017.1374361
Abstract
PURPOSE
To elucidate a possible connection between delinquency and adolescent sexual behaviours in different age groups from 14 to 20 and the role of depression therein.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Data were gathered from the cross-sectional Finnish School Health Promotion Study 2010 and 2011 with 186,632 respondents. We first examined the bivariate relationship between delinquency and sexual behaviour, and then proceeded to multivariate models accounting for self-reported depression. Analyses were conducted separately for girls and boys, in seven age groups. The main outcomes were analysed by χ(2) test and logistic regression.

RESULTS
Delinquency was connected to having experienced sexual intercourse across all age groups, and was related to reporting multiple sexual partners among sexually active adolescents, in both boys and girls, before and after controlling for depression. Delinquency and depression were independently associated with the sexual behaviours studied.

CONCLUSIONS
Being sexually active and engaging in risky sexual behaviours are related to delinquency in the adolescent population throughout the developmental phase, even in late adolescence when being sexually active is developmentally normative. Being sexually active is further connected to depression until middle adolescence, and risky sexual behaviours across adolescence. Clinicians working with adolescents presenting with delinquent behaviour with or without depression need to address their sexual health needs.

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