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Dentatorubro-Pallidoluysian Atrophy (DRPLA) among 700 Families with Ataxia in Brazil.

Dentatorubro-Pallidoluysian Atrophy (DRPLA) among 700 Families with Ataxia in Brazil.
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Braga-Neto P, Pedroso JL, Furtado GV, Gheno TC, Saraiva-Pereira ML, Jardim LB, Barsottini OGP, ,


Braga-Neto P, Pedroso JL, Furtado GV, Gheno TC, Saraiva-Pereira ML, Jardim LB, Barsottini OGP, , (click to view)

Braga-Neto P, Pedroso JL, Furtado GV, Gheno TC, Saraiva-Pereira ML, Jardim LB, Barsottini OGP, ,

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Cerebellum (London, England) 2017 04 21() doi 10.1007/s12311-017-0862-9
Abstract

Dentatorubro-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) is a spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) very rare in non-Asian populations. To date, DRPLA was undetected in the general Brazilian population. Adult-onset ataxic patients have been recruited from several Brazilian neurology and neurogenetics centers. CAG lengths at SCA1, SCA2, SCA3/MJD, SCA6, SCA7, SCA12, SCA17 and DRPLA associated genes, and ATTCT expansions at SCA10 gene were studied. A single DRPLA case detected is reported. Proband was a 69-year-old Brazilian woman of mixed ancestry, with a late-onset pure ataxia: her alleles at the associated gene, ATN1, presented 14/52 CAG repeats. History of gait ataxia and dementia was observed in two out of six siblings but was absent in her parents. This was the single DRPLA diagnosis obtained from 700 Brazilian unrelated cases with adult-onset ataxia, 487 of them with clear autosomal dominant inheritance. DRPLA accounted for 0.14% of all adult-onset ataxia cases and for 0.2% of families with autosomal dominant inheritance. Normal CAG repeats at ATN1 had a median (range) of 14 (5-20) repeats in other 410 Brazilian chromosomes. DRPLA is quite rare in Brazilian SCA families, which is consistent with the lack of large normal alleles in our population.

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