European journal of medicinal chemistry 2017 05 08137() 30-44 pii 10.1016/j.ejmech.2017.05.024
The design, synthesis, and SAR study of a new series of HIV-1 protease inhibitors incorporating stereochemically defined tetrahydrofuran-tertiary amine-acetamide P2-ligand are described. Various substituent effects on the tertiary amine P2-ligand and phenylsulfonamide P2′-ligand were investigated to maximize the ligand-binding site interactions in the protease active site. Most of inhibitors displayed low nanomolar to subnanomolar inhibitory potency. Inhibitor 20e containing N-(S-tetrahydrofuran)-N-(2-methoxyethyl)acetamide as P2-ligand along with 4-methoxylphenylsulfonamide as P2′-ligand displayed the most potent enzyme inhibitory activity (IC50 = 0.35 nM) and remarkably low cytotoxicity (CC50 = 305 μM).