Germline mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) have been conventionally analyzed by Sanger sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). Nowadays, next-generation sequencing (NGS) is increasingly being used in clinical genetics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of NGS BRCA1/2 assays by comparing them with the conventional method.
We did BRCA1/2 NGS assays of 108 breast and/or ovarian cancer patients whose BRCA1/2 mutation had been previously analyzed by Sanger sequencing and MLPA using TruSeq Custom Amplicon Design AFP2. Single-nucleotide variations (SNVs) and small insertions or deletions (InDels) were evaluated. In addition, we analyzed large genomic rearrangements (LGRs) using a coverage-based algorithm as well as a revised BRCA1/2 NGS assay (BRCAaccuTest PLUS), which additionally covered a BRCA1 promoter region.
The NGS BRCA1/2 assay detected all 20 SNVs and 21 small InDels in 56 patients. Among seven LGRs detected by MLPA, six exonic LGRs were well identified by both NGS BRCA1/2 assays. One pathogenic LGR, located on a BRCA1 promoter region, was successfully identified using revised BRCAaccuTestPLUS.
These results indicated that an NGS BRCA1/2 assay could detect most LGRs including BRCA1 promoter-region deletion as well as SNVs and small InDels. Therefore, it was applicable to clinical BRCA1/2 mutation tests.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.