Expert review of vaccines 2017 07 14() 1-9 doi 10.1080/14760584.2017.1337514
It was to generate a new Vero and cold-adapted live attenuated influenza B vaccine with enough safety and immunogenicity.
According to modified classical reassortment method, the donor strain was B/Yunnan/2/2005Vca(B), and the parental virus strain was B/Brisbane/60/2008wt. After co-infection in Vero cells, the prepared antibody serum inhibited the donor strain growth, and screening conditions inhibited the parental virus growth, which induced the growth of the new reassortant virus B/Brisbane/60/2008Vca(B) grow. Through intraperitoneal injection (i.j.) and intranasal injection (n.j.) we evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of the vaccine.
A high-yield of the reassortant virus was produced in Vero cells at 25°C, similar to the donor strains. After sequencing, it was found that B/Brisbane/60/2008Vca(B) Hemagglutinin (HA) and Neuraminidase (NA) gene fragments were from B/Brisbane/60/2008wt, while the other 6 gene fragments were from B/Yunnan/2/2005Vca(B). The n.j. immune pathway experiments showed no significant differences between the treatment and the PBS control group with respect to weight changes (P > 0.5). Furthermore, the new strain had a sufficient geometric mean titter (GMT) against B/Brisbane/60/2008wt.
The new reassortant live attenuated influenza B vaccine was safe and having enough immune stimulating ability.