Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics 2017 09 21() 0 doi 10.1080/21645515.2017.1373922
Sensitive assays for HIV-1 neutralizing antibody detection are urgently needed for vaccine immunogen optimization and identification of protective immune response levels. In this study, we developed an easy-to-use HIV-1 pseudovirus neutralization assay based on a human CD4(+) lymphoblastoid cell line A3R5 by employing a high efficient pseudovirus production system. Optimal conditions for cell counts, infection time, virus dose and concentration of DEAE-dextran were tested and identified. For T-cell line-adapted tier 1 virus strains, significantly higher inhibitory efficiency was observed for both monoclonal neutralizing antibody (4 fold) and plasma (2 fold) samples in A3R5 than those in TZM-bl assay. For circulating tier 2 strains, the A3R5 pseudovirus assay showed even much higher sensitivity for both neutralizing antibody (10 fold) and plasma (9 fold) samples. When sequential neutralizing antibody seroconverting samples were tested in both A3R5 and TZM-bl assays, the seroconverting points could be detected earlier for tier 1 (15.7 weeks) and tier 2 (68.3 weeks) strains in A3R5 assay respectively. The high sensitive pseudovirus assay using more physiological target cells could serve as an alternative to the TZM-bl assay for evaluation of vaccine-induced neutralizing antibodies and identification of the correlates of protection.