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Development and validation of classifiers and variable subsets for predicting nursing home admission.

Development and validation of classifiers and variable subsets for predicting nursing home admission.
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Nuutinen M, Leskelä RL, Suojalehto E, Tirronen A, Komssi V,


Nuutinen M, Leskelä RL, Suojalehto E, Tirronen A, Komssi V, (click to view)

Nuutinen M, Leskelä RL, Suojalehto E, Tirronen A, Komssi V,

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BMC medical informatics and decision making 2017 04 1317(1) 39 doi 10.1186/s12911-017-0442-4
Abstract
BACKGROUND
In previous years a substantial number of studies have identified statistically important predictors of nursing home admission (NHA). However, as far as we know, the analyses have been done at the population-level. No prior research has analysed the prediction accuracy of a NHA model for individuals.

METHODS
This study is an analysis of 3056 longer-term home care customers in the city of Tampere, Finland. Data were collected from the records of social and health service usage and RAI-HC (Resident Assessment Instrument – Home Care) assessment system during January 2011 and September 2015. The aim was to find out the most efficient variable subsets to predict NHA for individuals and validate the accuracy. The variable subsets of predicting NHA were searched by sequential forward selection (SFS) method, a variable ranking metric and the classifiers of logistic regression (LR), support vector machine (SVM) and Gaussian naive Bayes (GNB). The validation of the results was guaranteed using randomly balanced data sets and cross-validation. The primary performance metrics for the classifiers were the prediction accuracy and AUC (average area under the curve).

RESULTS
The LR and GNB classifiers achieved 78% accuracy for predicting NHA. The most important variables were RAI MAPLE (Method for Assigning Priority Levels), functional impairment (RAI IADL, Activities of Daily Living), cognitive impairment (RAI CPS, Cognitive Performance Scale), memory disorders (diagnoses G30-G32 and F00-F03) and the use of community-based health-service and prior hospital use (emergency visits and periods of care).

CONCLUSION
The accuracy of the classifier for individuals was high enough to convince the officials of the city of Tampere to integrate the predictive model based on the findings of this study as a part of home care information system. Further work need to be done to evaluate variables that are modifiable and responsive to interventions.

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