Injectable hydrogels with conductivity are highly desirable as scaffolds for the engineering of various electrical stimuli-responsive tissues, including nerve, muscle, retina, and bone. However, oxygen deprivation within scaffolds can lead to failure by causing cell necrosis. Therefore, an oxygen release conductive injectable hydrogel can serve as a promising support for the regeneration of such tissues. In the present study, HO-loaded polylactic acid microparticles were fabricated. Then, gelatin-graft-polypyrrole with various pyrrole contents and periodate-oxidized pectin were synthesized, and consequently, injectable conductive hydrogel/microparticle scaffolds, inside which catalase was grafted and trapped, were obtained. The results revealed that spherical particles with a mean diameter of 60.39 μm and encapsulation efficiency of 49.64 %, which persistently provided oxygen up to 14 days, were achieved. Investigations on hydrogels revealed that with the increase of pyrrole content of gelatin-graft-polypyrrole from 0 to 15 %, the swelling ratio, pore size, porosity, and conductivity were increased from 6.5 to 11.8, 173.13 μm-295.96 μm, 79.7%-93.8%, and from 0.06 mS/m to 2.14 mS/m, respectively. On the other hand, the crosslinking degree and compressive modulus of hydrogels were shown to decrease from 67.24%-27.35%, and from 214.1 kPa to 64.4 kPa, respectively. Moreover, all formulations supported cell viability and attachment. Overall, the hydrogel/particle scaffold with the merits of electrical conductivity, injectability, compatibility, and sustained oxygen release can be used as a tissue engineering scaffold, promoting the regeneration of electricity responsive tissues. Considering all the aforementioned characteristics and behavior of the fabricated scaffolds, they may be promising candidates for bone tissue engineering applications.
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References

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