To the best of our knowledge, there is no study in the literature investigating the extrapulmonary outcomes of children with non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis and CF under the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) model. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the children with CF and non-CF bronchiectasis using the ICF model.
Children with CF, non-CF bronchiectasis, and healthy counterparts were evaluated (20 participants in each group) according to the ICF items in domain b (body functions), domain s (body structures), and domain d (activities and participation). The pulmonary functions, respiratory and peripheral muscle strength tests, and posture analysis were carried out for domain b. For domain d, however, the Glittre-activities of daily living test and Pediatric Outcome Data Collection were used.
Muscle strength of shoulder abductors and hip extensors in children with CF was significantly lower than healthy children and adolescents (P < .05). The severity of lateral and posterior postural abnormalities in children with CF and non-CF bronchiectasis was higher than those of healthy children (P < .05). Among the patient groups, global function, sports/physical function, expectations, transfers/basic mobility, and pain/comfort were the most affected participation dimensions (P < .05).
This study highlights the need for comprehensive up-to-date evaluation methods according to the ICF model for understanding rehabilitation requirements in CF and non-CF bronchiectasis in different age groups.

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