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Diagnosis and repair of perineal injuries: knowledge before and after expert training-a multicentre observational study among Palestinian physicians and midwives.

Diagnosis and repair of perineal injuries: knowledge before and after expert training-a multicentre observational study among Palestinian physicians and midwives.
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Zimmo K, Laine K, Vikanes Å, Fosse E, Zimmo M, Ali H, Thakar R, Sultan AH, Hassan S,


Zimmo K, Laine K, Vikanes Å, Fosse E, Zimmo M, Ali H, Thakar R, Sultan AH, Hassan S, (click to view)

Zimmo K, Laine K, Vikanes Å, Fosse E, Zimmo M, Ali H, Thakar R, Sultan AH, Hassan S,

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BMJ open 2017 04 077(4) e014183 doi 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014183
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To assess whether a 2 days training with experts teaching on diagnosis and repair of perineal injuries among Palestinian midwives and physicians could change their level of knowledge towards the correct diagnosis and treatment.

STUDY DESIGN
Multicentre observational study.

SETTING
Obstetric departments in 6 government Palestinian hospitals.

PARTICIPANTS
All physicians and midwives who attended the training.

METHODS
A questionnaire comprising of 14 questions on the diagnosis and repair of perineal tears was distributed to all participants before the training (n=150; 64 physicians and 86 midwives) and 3 months after the training (n=124, 53 and 71, respectively). Characteristics, differences of the study population and level of knowledge before and after the training were presented as frequencies and percentages. Consistency in responses was tested by estimating the p value of McNemar test.

RESULTS
Among physicians only 11.4% had accurate knowledge on perineal anatomy before the training compared with 78.85% after the training (p<0.001). For midwives, the corresponding numbers were 9.8% and 54.2%, respectively (p<0.001). Before the training, 5.8% of the physicians were aware that rectal examination is mandatory before and after suturing of episiotomies compared with 45.8% after the training (p<0.001). The corresponding numbers for midwives were 0% and 18% (p<0.001), respectively. Physicians knowledge of best practice of skin repair following episiotomy improved from 36.5% to 64.5% (p=0.008) and among midwives from 26.1% to 50.7% (p<0.001). Physicians knowledge of the overlap technique in the repair of full thickness external anal sphincter tears improved from 28.5% to 42.8% (p=0.05), whereas knowledge of repairing torn internal anal sphincter separately improved from 12.8% to 86.8% (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS
Improvement in the level of knowledge on diagnosis and repair of perineal tears was observed for all physicians and midwives who attended the 2 days’ expert training. Regular ongoing training will serve to maintain the newly acquired knowledge.

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