To investigate the diagnostic capability of scleral spur length in discriminating eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) from healthy eyes.
Seventy-eight eyes of 78 patients with POAG and 93 eyes of 93 age-, sex- and axial length-matched healthy subjects were included. The scleral spur length was measured using swept-source optical coherence tomography. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were derived based on the measurements.
The scleral spur length was significantly shorter in POAG eyes compared with healthy eyes (Method I, 164.91 ± 23.36 vs. 197.60 ± 25.32 μm; Method II, 145.15 ± 16.59 vs. 166.95 ± 19.31 μm; Method III, 162.33 ± 22.83 vs. 185.12 ± 23.58 μm, respectively; all p < 0.001). The areas under ROC curves were 0.841 (Method I), 0.810 (Method II), and 0.753 (Method III) for the scleral spur length. Moreover, Schlemm's canal area was significantly associated with the scleral spur length (Method I) in both POAG (β = 0.027; p < 0.001) and healthy (β = 0.016; p = 0.009) groups.
The scleral spur length had a good discriminating capability between POAG and healthy eyes, and it could be a novel biomarker for POAG evaluation clinically.