Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic disease characterized by periods of activity and remission. The platelet, one of the main activators of neutrophils, contains Interleukin 8 (IL-8), a potent neutrophil chemo-attractant and P-selectin that induces excretion of superoxide in the neutrophils, forming platelet-neutrophil aggregates that are increased in individuals with active UC, hence an index of both cells could produce a monitoring tool. No previous studies have evaluated this ratio in UC.
To evaluate the clinical utility of the Neutrophil-Platelet (NeuPla) ratio in patients with UC.
A total of 158 patients with a diagnosis of UC. This index was based on the ratio between platelets and the neutrophil differential in blood count. The activity was classified using Mayo endoscopic sub-score, histological (Riley score) and for clinical was used the Truelove-Witts, Montreal, Mayo and Yamamoto-Furusho scores.
The correlation of the NeuPla ratio with activity scales were significant (P <0.05). An optimal cut-off point to classify patients with clinical activity was 14.94 with a sensitivity 87.95% and specificity 63.5 and endoscopy activity with a cut-off 14.64 with a sensibility of 70.5% and specificity of 61.8%.
The NeuPla ratio showed an adequate diagnostic utility to identify UC patients with clinical and endoscopy activity without the use of invasive studies like a colonoscopy or expensive fecal biomarkers such as calprotectin and have a better diagnostic performance in comparison to other serum biomarkers (C reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and albumin).