European journal of radiology 2016 12 1687() 76-82 pii S0720-048X(16)30408-9
To quantitatively compare diaphragmatic motion during tidal breathing in a standing position between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and normal subjects using dynamic chest radiography.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Thirty-nine COPD patients (35 males; age, 71.3±8.4years) and 47 normal subjects (non-smoker healthy volunteers) (20 males; age, 54.8±9.8years) underwent sequential chest radiographs during tidal breathing using dynamic chest radiography with a flat panel detector system. We evaluated the excursions and peak motion speeds of the diaphragms. The results were analyzed using an unpaired t-test and a multiple linear regression model.
The excursions of the diaphragms in COPD patients were significantly larger than those in normal subjects (right, 14.7±5.5mm vs. 10.2±3.7mm, respectively, P<0.001; left, 17.2±4.9mm vs. 14.9±4.2mm, respectively, P=0.022). Peak motion speeds in inspiratory phase were significantly faster in COPD patients compared to normal subjects (right, 16.3±5.0mm/s vs. 11.8±4.2mm/s, respectively, P<0.001; left, 18.9±4.9mm/s vs. 16.7±4.0mm/s, respectively, P=0.022). The multivariate analysis demonstrated that having COPD and higher body mass index were independently associated with increased excursions of the bilateral diaphragm (all P<0.05), after adjusting for other clinical variables. CONCLUSIONS
Time-resolved quantitative evaluation of the diaphragm using dynamic chest radiography demonstrated that the diaphragmatic motion during tidal breathing in a standing position is larger and faster in COPD patients than in normal subjects.