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Differential Association of Cx37 and Cx40 Genetic Variants in Atrial Fibrillation with and without Underlying Structural Heart Disease.

Differential Association of Cx37 and Cx40 Genetic Variants in Atrial Fibrillation with and without Underlying Structural Heart Disease.
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Carballo S, Pfenniger A, Carballo D, Garin N, James RW, Mach F, Shah D, Kwak BR,


Carballo S, Pfenniger A, Carballo D, Garin N, James RW, Mach F, Shah D, Kwak BR, (click to view)

Carballo S, Pfenniger A, Carballo D, Garin N, James RW, Mach F, Shah D, Kwak BR,

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International journal of molecular sciences 2018 01 1919(1) pii E295
Abstract

Atrial fibrillation (AF) appears in the presence or absence of structural heart disease. The majority of foci causing AF are located near the ostia of pulmonary veins (PVs), where cardiomyocytes and vascular smooth muscle cells interdigitate. Connexins (Cx) form gap junction channels and participate in action potential propagation. Genetic variants in genes encoding Cx40 and Cx37 affect their expression or function and may contribute to PV arrhythmogenicity. DNA was obtained from 196 patients with drug-resistant, symptomatic AF with and without structural heart disease, who were referred for percutaneous catheter ablation. Eighty-nine controls were matched for age, gender, hypertension, and BMI. Genotyping of the Cx40 -44G > A, Cx40 +71A > G, Cx40 -26A > G, and Cx37 1019C > T polymorphisms was performed. The promoter A Cx40 polymorphisms (-44G > A and +71A > G) showed no association with non-structural or structural AF. Distribution of the Cx40 promoter B polymorphism (-26A > G) was different in structural AF when compared to controls (p = 0.03). There was no significant difference with non-structural AF (p = 0.50). The distribution of the Cx37 1019C > T polymorphism was different in non-structural AF (p = 0.03) but not in structural AF (p = 0.08) when compared to controls. Our study describes for the first time an association of drug-resistant non-structural heart disease AF with the Cx37 1019C > T gene polymorphism. We also confirmed the association of the Cx40 – 26G > A polymorphism in patients with AF and structural disease.

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