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Differential overexpression of SERPINA3 in human prion diseases.

Differential overexpression of SERPINA3 in human prion diseases.
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Vanni S, Moda F, Zattoni M, Bistaffa E, De Cecco E, Rossi M, Giaccone G, Tagliavini F, Haïk S, Deslys JP, Zanusso G, Ironside JW, Ferrer I, Kovacs GG, Legname G,


Vanni S, Moda F, Zattoni M, Bistaffa E, De Cecco E, Rossi M, Giaccone G, Tagliavini F, Haïk S, Deslys JP, Zanusso G, Ironside JW, Ferrer I, Kovacs GG, Legname G, (click to view)

Vanni S, Moda F, Zattoni M, Bistaffa E, De Cecco E, Rossi M, Giaccone G, Tagliavini F, Haïk S, Deslys JP, Zanusso G, Ironside JW, Ferrer I, Kovacs GG, Legname G,

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Scientific reports 2017 11 157(1) 15637 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-15778-8
Abstract

Prion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative disorders with sporadic, genetic or acquired etiologies. The molecular alterations leading to the onset and the spreading of these diseases are still unknown. In a previous work we identified a five-gene signature able to distinguish intracranially BSE-infected macaques from healthy ones, with SERPINA3 showing the most prominent dysregulation. We analyzed 128 suitable frontal cortex samples, from prion-affected patients (variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) n = 20, iatrogenic CJD (iCJD) n = 11, sporadic CJD (sCJD) n = 23, familial CJD (gCJD) n = 17, fatal familial insomnia (FFI) n = 9, Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome (GSS)) n = 4), patients with Alzheimer disease (AD, n = 14) and age-matched controls (n = 30). Real Time-quantitative PCR was performed for SERPINA3 transcript, and ACTB, RPL19, GAPDH and B2M were used as reference genes. We report SERPINA3 to be strongly up-regulated in the brain of all human prion diseases, with only a mild up-regulation in AD. We show that this striking up-regulation, both at the mRNA and at the protein level, is present in all types of human prion diseases analyzed, although to a different extent for each specific disorder. Our data suggest that SERPINA3 may be involved in the pathogenesis and the progression of prion diseases, representing a valid tool for distinguishing different forms of these disorders in humans.

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