Aggregation of α-synuclein (α-syn) is one of the central hypotheses for Parkinson’s disease (PD), therefore, its inhibition and disaggregation is an optimistic approach for the treatment of PD. Here, we report design, synthesis and in-vitro efficacy studies of a series of diphenyl triazine hybrids as potential inhibitors of α-syn fibrillogenesis. From the docking studies, we concluded that compounds A1, A2, A4, A8 and A9 display promising binding affinity with the essential residues of α-syn with binding energy values: -6.0, -7.0, -6.3, -6.6 and -6.7 kcal/mol respectively. The target compounds were synthesized using multistep organic synthesis reactions. Compounds A1, A2 A4, A8 and A9 showed a significant lowering of the α-syn fibril formation during Thioflavin-T assay and fluorescence microscopy. In addition, these compounds A1, A2, A4, A8 and A9 also proved to be good disaggregators in the pre-aggregated form of α-syn. Most of the compounds exhibited no cytotoxicity in mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) and human adenocarcinomic alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) except A2. Overall, diphenyl triazine-based compounds can be further investigated for the treatment of synucleinopathies and for Lewy body dementia in which α-syn is predominantly observed.
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