Platinum drugs, such as cisplatin (DDP) and carboplatin (CBP), are the main drugs for the treatment of lung cancer, but their practical clinical application is limited by severe toxicity and acquired drug resistance. Our previous study has indicated that diplatin, [2-(4-(diethyl-amino)butyl)malonate-O,O’]-[(1R,2R)-cyclohexane-1,2- diamine N,N’] platinum (II) phosphate, a novel water-soluble platinum complex, could overcome DDP-resistant cells and was less toxic than comparable platinum drugs. In the present study, the effects and mechanisms of diplatin were further evaluated for its development as a novel anti-lung cancer platinum drug. Here, we found diplatin down-regulated the viability of H460 and LTEP-A-2 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Nude mice administrated with diplatin (30-120 mg/kg) via tail vein injection dose-dependently inhibited the growth of H460 and LTEP-A-2 xenograft tumors, whose action mainly correlated with the induction of tumor apoptosis. Particularly, the exposure of lung cancer cells or xenograft tumors to diplatin resulted in elevated Fas level, and knockdown of Fas ameliorated diplatin-induced cells apoptosis. Overall, we suggest that diplatin has potent anti-tumor activity, which probably acts through Fas-mediated signaling pathway.
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