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Distribution of glycated haemoglobin and its determinants in Korean youth and young adults: a nationwide population-based study.

Distribution of glycated haemoglobin and its determinants in Korean youth and young adults: a nationwide population-based study.
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Seo JY, Hwang SS, Kim JH, Lee YA, Lee SY, Shin CH, Yang SW,


Seo JY, Hwang SS, Kim JH, Lee YA, Lee SY, Shin CH, Yang SW, (click to view)

Seo JY, Hwang SS, Kim JH, Lee YA, Lee SY, Shin CH, Yang SW,

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Scientific reports 2018 01 318(1) 1962 doi 10.1038/s41598-018-20274-8
Abstract

The present study aimed to describe the distribution of and to investigate the factors associated with glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) values in Korean youth (10-19 years old) and young adults (20-29 years old). Data from the Korea Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2015) were used. A total of 6,418 participants (male 3,140 [53.2%]) aged 10-29 years were included in the analysis. Percentiles of HbA1c were calculated and HbA1c values were compared according to age, sex, and associated factors. The mean HbA1c values (% [mmol/mol]) were 5.42 ± 0.01 (35.7 ± 0.1) for youths and 5.32 ± 0.01 (34.7 ± 0.1) for young adults (P < 0.001). Male participants showed significantly higher HbA1c level than females (P < 0.001). When age was grouped into 5-year intervals, HbA1c was the highest in those aged 10-14 years and the lowest in those aged 20-24 years. After controlling for confounding variables, the HbA1c values of youths and male participants were significantly higher than those of young adults and female participants. The present study provides nationally representative data on the distribution of HbA1c values in Korean youth and young adults. There were significant differences in the level of HbA1c according to age and sex.

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