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Does cognitive behavioral therapy alter mental defeat and cognitive flexibility in patients with panic disorder?

Does cognitive behavioral therapy alter mental defeat and cognitive flexibility in patients with panic disorder?
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Nagata S, Seki Y, Shibuya T, Yokoo M, Murata T, Hiramatsu Y, Yamada F, Ibuki H, Minamitani N, Yoshinaga N, Kusunoki M, Inada Y, Kawasoe N, Adachi S, Oshiro K, Matsuzawa D, Hirano Y, Yoshimura K, Nakazato M, Iyo M, Nakagawa A, Shimizu E,


Nagata S, Seki Y, Shibuya T, Yokoo M, Murata T, Hiramatsu Y, Yamada F, Ibuki H, Minamitani N, Yoshinaga N, Kusunoki M, Inada Y, Kawasoe N, Adachi S, Oshiro K, Matsuzawa D, Hirano Y, Yoshimura K, Nakazato M, Iyo M, Nakagawa A, Shimizu E, (click to view)

Nagata S, Seki Y, Shibuya T, Yokoo M, Murata T, Hiramatsu Y, Yamada F, Ibuki H, Minamitani N, Yoshinaga N, Kusunoki M, Inada Y, Kawasoe N, Adachi S, Oshiro K, Matsuzawa D, Hirano Y, Yoshimura K, Nakazato M, Iyo M, Nakagawa A, Shimizu E,

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BMC research notes 2018 01 1211(1) 23 doi 10.1186/s13104-018-3130-2
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
Mental defeat and cognitive flexibility have been studied as explanatory factors for depression and posttraumatic stress disorder. This study examined mental defeat and cognitive flexibility scores in patients with panic disorder (PD) before and after cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and compared them to those of a gender- and age-matched healthy control group.

RESULTS
Patients with PD (n = 15) received 16 weekly individual CBT sessions, and the control group (n = 35) received no treatment. Patients completed the Mental Defeat Scale and the Cognitive Flexibility Scale before the intervention, following eight CBT sessions, and following 16 CBT sessions, while the control group did so only prior to receiving CBT (baseline). The patients’ pre-CBT Mental Defeat and Cognitive Flexibility Scale scores were significantly higher on the Mental Defeat Scale and lower on the Cognitive Flexibility Scale than those of the control group participants were. In addition, the average Mental Defeat Scale scores of the patients decreased significantly, from 22.2 to 12.4, while their average Cognitive Flexibility Scale scores increased significantly, from 42.8 to 49.5. These results suggest that CBT can reduce mental defeat and increase cognitive flexibility in patients with PD Trial registration The study was registered retrospectively in the national UMIN Clinical Trials Registry on June 10, 2016 (registration ID: UMIN000022693).

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