This study was done to make a systematic review aims to analyse the concurrent effect of gender equality and contraception on maternal and under-5 child mortality.

A systematic review was conducted to investigate the current evidence provided by the previous literature on the same theme. Studies were eligible if indicators of gender equality, contraception, and maternal or child mortality were present together in a single article analysing the same sample at the same time.

Even though extensive literature on this topic exists, only three studies managed to fit the selection criteria. Findings of two studies indicated an association between IPV and infant mortality, and also reported that women’s contraceptive use increased the risk of IPV. The third study found that the mother’s secondary education attainment significantly reduced child mortality, while the mother’s working status increased the odds of child mortality. The researchers of all included studies specified that contraceptive use significantly reduced the risk of child mortality.

The study concluded that improvement in gender equality and contraception concurrently affect the reduction in child mortality. These findings provide strong support to address the research gaps and to include a gender equality approach towards maternal and child health policies.