The interspace between popliteal artery and the capsule of posterior knee (iPACK) block was proposed in recent years to relieve posterior knee pain. Since adductor canal block (ACB) and iPACK involve different branches of the sensory nerves, it is theoretically feasible to combine iPACK block and ACB to relief pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We aim to validate the efficacy of adding iPACK block to ACB in the setting of a multimodal pain management protocol following TKA. A comprehensive literature review on Web of Science, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and PubMed was performed. Eight studies ( = 1,056) that compared the efficacy of iPACK block + ACB with ACB alone were included. Primary outcomes consisted of Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score at rest or during activity at various time points. Secondary outcomes include opioids consumption, walking distance, and length of hospital stay (LOS). Compared to ACB alone, VAS scores at rest (standardized mean difference [SMD]: -1.18; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -2.05 to -0.30) and during activity (SMD: -0.26; 95% CI: -0.49 to -0.03) on the day of surgery were lower in the iPACK block + ACB group. However, the difference did not reach the minimal clinically important difference. Opioids consumption at postoperative 24 hours was lower in the iPACK + ACB group (SMD: -0.295; 95% CI: -0.543 to -0.048). VAS score on postoperative day (POD) 1 and POD2, opioids consumption from 24 to 48 hours, walking distance, and LOS were not different. In conclusion, the addition of iPACK block to ACB in a multimodal pain management protocol can effectively reduce opioids consumption in the early postoperative period. This is a level III, meta-analysis study.Thieme. All rights reserved.
About The Expert
Te-Feng Arthur Chou