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Dosimetric impact of intra-fraction prostate motion under a tumour-tracking system in hypofractionated robotic radiosurgery.

Dosimetric impact of intra-fraction prostate motion under a tumour-tracking system in hypofractionated robotic radiosurgery.
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Koike Y, Sumida I, Mizuno H, Shiomi H, Kurosu K, Ota S, Yoshioka Y, Suzuki O, Tamari K, Ogawa K,


Koike Y, Sumida I, Mizuno H, Shiomi H, Kurosu K, Ota S, Yoshioka Y, Suzuki O, Tamari K, Ogawa K, (click to view)

Koike Y, Sumida I, Mizuno H, Shiomi H, Kurosu K, Ota S, Yoshioka Y, Suzuki O, Tamari K, Ogawa K,

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PloS one 2018 04 0513(4) e0195296 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0195296

Abstract

For CyberKnife-mediated prostate cancer treatment, a tumour-tracking approach is applied to correct the target location by acquiring X-ray images of implanted fiducial markers intermittently. This study investigated the dosimetric impact of intra-fraction prostate motion during CyberKnife treatment. We retrospectively analyzed 16 patients treated using the CyberKnife (35 Gy delivered in five fractions). Using log files of recorded prostate motion, the intra-fraction prostate motion was simulated. We defined the worst-case intra-fraction prostate motion as the difference between pre- and post-deviation on log files and shifted structure sets according to the corresponding offsets for each beam. The dose-volume indices were calculated and compared with the original plan in terms of clinical target volume (CTV), planning target volume (CTV plus a 2-mm margin), rectum, bladder, and urethra. Prostate motions of >3, >5, and >10 mm were observed for 31.3, 9.1, and 0.5% of the 1929 timestamps, respectively. Relative differences between the simulated and original plans were mostly less than 1%. Although significant decreases were observed in D50% and D98% of the target, absolute dose differences were <0.1 Gy compared with the planned dose. The dosimetric impact of intra-fraction prostate motion may be small even with longer treatment durations, indicating that the tumour tracking using the CyberKnife could be a robust system for examining prostate motion.

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