This study states that Dynamic image analysis of carotid plaques has demonstrated that during systole and early diastole, all plaque components will move in the same direction (concordant motion) in some plaques. However, in others, different parts of the plaque will move in different directions (discordant motion). The aim of our study was (1) to determine the prevalence of discordant motion in symptomatic and asymptomatic plaques, (2) to develop a measurement of the severity of discordant motion, and (3) to determine the correlation between the severity of discordant motion and symptom prevalence.

A total of 200 patients with 204 plaques resulting in 50% to 99% stenosis (112 asymptomatic and 92 symptomatic plaques) had video recordings available of the plaque motion during 10 cardiac cycles. Video tracking was performed using Farneback’s method, which relies on frame comparisons. In our study, these were performed at 0.1-second intervals. The maximum angular spread (MAS) of the motion vectors at 10-pixel intervals in the plaque area was measured in degrees. Plaques were classified as concordant (MAS, <70°), moderately discordant (MAS, 70°-120°), and discordant (MAS, >120°).

Reference link- https://www.jvascsurg.org/article/S0741-5214(20)32277-1/fulltext