Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica (DEH), also known as Trevor’s disease, is a rare nonhereditary skeletal disorder affecting one side of the epiphyses or the epiphyses-equivalents. It is often misdiagnosed for traumatic injuries, infections, or other tumors because of the nonspecific clinical features. The diagnosis is mostly based on radiographic involvement of one half of the epiphysis displaying an overgrowth; it is hard to distinguish between DEH and osteochondroma on the gross hystopathological exam. There are few immunohistochemical markers, as well as genetic tests, for EXT1 and EXT2 gene expression that can reveal a more accurate diagnosis. No evidence of malignant changes has been reported and no hereditary transmission or environmental factor has been incriminated as an etiological factor. The natural history of the disease is continuous growth of the lesions until skeletal maturity. Without treatment, the joint might suffer degenerative modification, and the patient can develop early onset osteoarthritis. In the present paper, we report two new cases of DEH of the ankle. The aim of this paper is to consider Trevor’s disease when encountering tumoral masses in the epiphyses of pediatric patients and to present our treatment approach and results.
About The Expert
Radu Ninel Balanescu