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Early antiretroviral therapy on reducing HIV transmission in China: strengths, weaknesses and next focus of the program.

Early antiretroviral therapy on reducing HIV transmission in China: strengths, weaknesses and next focus of the program.
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Liu P, Tang Z, Lan G, Zhu Q, Chen H, You Y, Yang X, Liang S, Chen Y, Xing H, Liao L, Feng Y, Shen Z, Ruan Y, Shao Y,


Liu P, Tang Z, Lan G, Zhu Q, Chen H, You Y, Yang X, Liang S, Chen Y, Xing H, Liao L, Feng Y, Shen Z, Ruan Y, Shao Y, (click to view)

Liu P, Tang Z, Lan G, Zhu Q, Chen H, You Y, Yang X, Liang S, Chen Y, Xing H, Liao L, Feng Y, Shen Z, Ruan Y, Shao Y,

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Scientific reports 2018 02 218(1) 3431 doi 10.1038/s41598-018-21791-2

Abstract

Early antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation is a recommended public health approach for the prevention of HIV-1 transmission. In this cohort study, we included 13132 serodiscordant couples. ART was initiated for patients with CD4+ T cell counts less than 200 cells/uL, 350 cells/uL, and 500 cells/uL respectively. This divided the ART treated couples into three groups. Univariate and multivariate intention-to-treat analyses were performed to examine the association between the study groups. Early-ART initiation was associated with a 45% lower risk of partner infection than was late-ART initiation (AHR 0.55, 95% CI, 0.37-0.81). Mid-ART initiation was associated with a 39% lower risk of partner infection than was late-ART initiation (AHR 0.61, 95% CI, 0.48-0.78). However, the risk reduction between the early and mid-ART groups was not significant. Drug compliance (AHR 1.55, 95% CI 1.03-2.35) and increased baseline viral load (AHR 1.41, 95% CI 1.33-1.51) were associated with an increased risk of infections among partners in the treatment. Prevention of HIV transmission as a result of early ART initiation was feasible on national and regional scales; however, many factors, such as the motivation to commence ART, adherence, and attrition, may affect the impact of this strategy in programmatic settings.

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