To determine the predictive value of early transcranial color-coded sonography (TCCS) for intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in patients with large artery occlusion (LAO) stroke of carotid circulation, who were submitted to endovascular therapy (EVT) with successful reperfusion.
Retrospective study evaluating a cohort of consecutive stroke patients with LAO of the carotid circulation that were recanalyzed with EVT. We measured angle-corrected peak systolic velocities, end-diastolic velocities and mean flow velocities (PSV, EDV and MFV) of the symptomatic and asymptomatic middle cerebral artery (MCA). The ratio between MFV of the symptomatic MCA and MFV of the asymptomatic MCA (MCA-Ra) was calculated. Parenchymal hematoma in the 24 hours control CT was considered as ICH. Univariate associations and multivariate analyses were used to identify early independent predictors for ICH among TCCS findings.
We included 234 patients, mean age 72.5 (SD 12.6) years, 52.1% male. The mean time between recanalization and TCCS was 12.3 hours (range 3-22). Patients who developed postinterventional ICH showed a higher MCA-Ra (1.02 ± 0.26 vs 1.16 ± 0,21, p = 0.036). In multivariate analysis, only higher MCA-Ra remained independently associated with postinterventional ICH (OR: 6.778, 95%CI: 1.152-39.892, p = 0.034). A value of MCA-Ra ≥ 1,05 was associated with ICH, showing a sensitivity of 81.3% and a specificity of 65.9%; the AUC based of the ROC analysis was 0.688 (95% CI 0.570-0.806).
TCCS performed within the first 24 hours after stroke onset can help to predict hemorrhagic transformation in patients with LAO.

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