The aim: Identify the types of eating behaviour in overweight and obesity depending on gender and age.
Materials and methods: A survey of 210 people (men -105, women -105) was conducted. The age of women ranged from 19 to 60 years, the average age was 41.5 ± 11.2 years. The age of men ranged from 22 to 60 years, the average age was 42.3 ± 12.3 years. The examined patients were divided into two clinical groups: group I – 70 people (women – 35, men – 35) with overweight. BMI of persons of the I group from 25.8 kg / m2 to 29,3 kg / m2 (BMTmid. = 27,5 ± 1,31 kg / m2); Group II – 72 people with 1st degree obesity (women -36, men – 36). Evaluation of eating disorders was carried out using the DEBQ questionnaire (Nederland) adapted to the purpose of the study.
Results: In patients of groups I and II healthy type of eating behaviour was recorded less often than in control groups, 5.38 times (D = 13.561, p = 0.002 <0.05) and 10.45 times (D = 21.043, p = 0.022 <0.05), respectively. In group I, the restrictive type of EB among women occurred 1.7 times more often than in men (D = 0.852, p = 0.001). In group II, the restrictive type of EB among women was observed 1.3 times more often than in men (D = 0.382, p = 0.005).
Conclusions: Restrictive eating behaviour disorders are one of the leading factors in the development of overweight and obesity. Correction of eating disorders in obese people must be carried out taking into account the gender and age characteristics of the patient, to obtain positive results for a shorter course of treatment.