AAPS PharmSciTech 2017 05 10() doi 10.1208/s12249-017-0781-6
Efavirenz is a fundamental drug in the HIV therapy; however, it has a low bioavailability due to low water solubility. Particle nanonization should enhance its dissolution and therefore its bioavailability. Nanocrystallization is a promising technique for preparing drug nanocrystals. A solution containing efavirenz (EFV) and methanol was added to an aqueous solution of particle stabilizers, under sonication. The adequate polymer stabilizer and its concentration and drug load were evaluated. Particle size and zeta potential of suspensions were measured. Nanosuspensions were freeze-dried and the resulting powder was characterized by some techniques, with special attention to dissolution. Particle size and zeta potential analysis showed that HMPC and PVP were the most suitable polymers. All samples prepared with these stabilizers had nanosized particles and proper zeta potential; however, sedimentation and particle growth were detected with Turbiscan™. Time-related destabilization occurred when the lowest polymer concentration of 20% was used. SEM analysis of the dried powder shows film formation for suspensions with 40% of polymer and particle aggregation in samples with less polymer. Dissolution profiles of samples were higher than EFV raw material, although the lower the polymer concentration, the higher the dissolution.