Panax ginseng C.A.Mey. (Korea red ginseng) has been used in Asia to treat inflammatory skin diseases. Recently, Korea red ginseng (KRG) is emerging as a good candidate for treating atopic dermatitis (AD) because of its anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory effects.
Despite much effort, no systemic prevention strategy has been established for AD currently. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the preventive effect of a combination of KRG extract and probiotics on AD-like skin lesions of mice.
Forty NC/Nga mice were randomly divided into eight groups: Sham, AD control, Cyclosporine, KRG, Duolac ATP® (ATP), BYO Plant Origin Skin Probiotics (BYO), KRG + ATP, and KRG + BYO. Mice were administered orally with KRG and/or other agents using a gastric tube for 5 days prior to challenge with 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (DNCB). AD-like skin lesions were induced by percutaneous challenge with DNCB on ears and backs of NC/Nga mice. Effects of each treatment were evaluated based on the following: Clinical severity score, ear thickness, transepidermal water loss (TEWL), total serum Immunoglobulin E (IgE) level, mRNA expression levels and immunohistochemistry analysis of IFN-γ, IL-4, and TSLP in cutaneous lesions.
TEWL, serum IgE level, and expression of immunohistopathologic markers were more improved in the group using KRG combined with probiotics than in the group using KRG or probiotics alone. ATP, KRG + ATP, and KRG + BYO groups showed reduced TEWL increase (ΔTEWL) at 48 h (p < 0.005). KRG + ATP showed a preventive effect on the increase of serum IgE level (p = 0.009). In immunohistopathologic analysis, KRG, ATP, BYO, KRG + ATP, and KRG + BYO groups showed significantly reduced expression levels of IFN-γ at 1 h, 6 h, and 48 h (all p < 0.05). KRG, ATP, BYO, and KRG + BYO groups showed reduced expression levels of IL-4 compared to the AD control group at 6 h and 24 h. KRG, ATP, BYO, KRG + ATP, and KRG + BYP groups showed significantly lower expression levels of TSLP than the AD control group at 1 h and 24 h.
KRG can suppress increases of allergic and inflammatory cytokines and increase of TEWL. A combination of KRG and probiotics might have better effects than KRG or probiotics alone for preventing an AD flare-up.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.