Potential associations between menopause, age at menopause, and clinical indicators related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) have not been elucidated. To identify the risk of CVD early and contribute to its prevention and intervention, the present study used relevant biomarkers to evaluate the risk of CVD among pre- and postmenopausal women. An overall population of 816 women (aged 40-60 y) was evaluated as premenopause, natural early menopause, or natural late menopause (ages ≤ 48 and ≥52 y), with ages 49-51 years as reference (natural menopause). High-sensitivity C-reactive protein, carotid intima-media thickness, and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity were measured. Triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) of the postmenopausal group were each significantly higher than that of the premenopausal. However, the 3 menopausal groups were similar regarding hypertension, diabetes, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In the logistic regression model, the CRP, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity, and carotid intima-media thickness levels were similar among the premenopause and early and late menopause groups. These results were unchanged after further adjustment for multiple confounders including age, smoking, drinking, salt intake habits, presence of hypertension, or diabetes mellitus. Menopause itself is a more important risk factor for CVD compared with menopause that begins at early or late age.Copyright © 2023 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.