The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of cerebral palsy and dental caries on dental plaque index, salivary parameters and oxidative stress in children and adolescents.
Seventy children and adolescents aged 2-20 years were divided into four groups: neurotypical controls-inactive caries (NCIC; n = 19); neurotypical controls-active caries (NCAC; n = 16); cerebral palsy-inactive caries (CPIC; n = 19); and cerebral palsy-active caries (CPAC; n = 16). The visible dental plaque index was determined after drying the tooth surfaces and without any mechanical or chemical disclosing methods. Salivary pH and buffer capacity were measured 1 hour after collection using a digital pH meter. Saliva was used to evaluate oxidative status based on the levels of reactive species, lipid peroxidation and non-enzymatic antioxidants (reduced glutathione and vitamin C).
The CPIC and CPAC groups had lower salivary pH and a higher visible dental plaque index. CP was also associated with an increase in salivary levels of markers of oxidative stress and the modulation of salivary levels of non-enzymatic antioxidants.
Cerebral palsy exerts an influence on the salivary profile, oral health and oxidative stress. The individuals with CP had more acidic saliva and a higher dental plaque index, which were positively correlated with caries activity. CP was associated with high salivary levels of reactive species and lipid peroxidation, demonstrating an imbalance in salivary redox that was particularly associated with caries activity. These factors facilitate the development of oral diseases in individuals with cerebral palsy.