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Effect of Clinical Variables on the Volume of Blood Collected for Blood Cultures in an Adult Patient Population.

Effect of Clinical Variables on the Volume of Blood Collected for Blood Cultures in an Adult Patient Population.
Author Information (click to view)

Jones RL, Sayles HR, Fey PD, Rupp ME,


Jones RL, Sayles HR, Fey PD, Rupp ME, (click to view)

Jones RL, Sayles HR, Fey PD, Rupp ME,

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Infection control and hospital epidemiology 2017 11 21() 1-5 doi 10.1017/ice.2017.230
Abstract

OBJECTIVE To identify clinical variables that influence blood culture volume recovery DESIGN Retrospective chart review and linear model analysis SETTING A 621-bed Academic Medical Center with a Clinical Laboratory that processes 20,000+ blood cultures annually and dedicated phlebotomy staff for venipuncture PATIENTS Consecutive patients requiring blood culture METHODS Over a 6-day period, blood volume was determined in 568 culture bottles from 128 unique adult patients, and clinical data from the time of phlebotomy were extracted from hospital electronic medical records. Conditional hierarchical linear models with random effects for patient and phlebotomy occasion were utilized to analyze correlations between values collected from the same patient and during the same phlebotomy occasion. RESULTS Blood samples obtained from a central venous catheter yielded, on average, 2.53 mL more blood (95% CI, 1.63-3.44 mL; P<.001) than those from peripheral venipuncture, and aerobic bottles contained 0.38 mL more blood (95% CI, 0.1-0.67 mL; P=.009) than the anaerobic bottles. The remaining clinical variables (eg, hospital department, patient age, body mass index, gender, mean arterial pressure, concomitant systemic antibiotic use, and Charlson comorbidity index score) failed to reach statistical significance (P<.05) in relation to volume. CONCLUSIONS Blood cultures obtained from central venous catheters contain significantly greater volume than those obtained via peripheral venipuncture. These data highlight the clinically significant issue of low culture volume recovery, indicate that diagnostic and prognostic tools that rely on volume-dependent phenomena (ie, time to positivity) may require further validation under usual clinical practice circumstances, and suggest goals for future institutional performance improvement. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017:1-5.

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