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Effect of liver histopathology on islet cell engraftment in the model mimicking autologous islet cell transplantation.

Effect of liver histopathology on islet cell engraftment in the model mimicking autologous islet cell transplantation.
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Desai CS, Khan KM, Ma X, Li H, Wang J, Fan L, Chen G, Smith JP, Cui W,


Desai CS, Khan KM, Ma X, Li H, Wang J, Fan L, Chen G, Smith JP, Cui W, (click to view)

Desai CS, Khan KM, Ma X, Li H, Wang J, Fan L, Chen G, Smith JP, Cui W,

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Islets 2017 09 13() e1356558 doi 10.1080/19382014.2017.1356558
Abstract
BACKGROUND
The inflammatory milieu in the liver as determined by histopathology is different in individual patients undergoing autologous islet cell transplantation. We hypothesized that inflammation related to fatty-liver adversely impacts islet survival. To test this hypothesis, we used a mouse model of fatty-liver to determine the outcome of syngeneic islet transplantation after chemical pancreatectomy.

METHODS
Mice (C57BL/6) were fed a high-fat-diet from 6 weeks of age until attaining a weight of ≥28 grams (6-8 weeks) to produce a fatty liver (histologically > 30% fat);steatosis was confirmed with lipidomic profile of liver tissue. Islets were infused via the intra-portal route in fatty-liver and control mice after streptozotocin induction of diabetes. Outcomes were assessed by the rate of euglycemia, liver histopathology, evaluation of liver inflammation by measuring tissue cytokines IL-1β and TNF-α by RT-PCR and CD31 expression by immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS
The difference in the euglycemic fraction between the normal liver group (90%, 9/10) and the fatty-liver group (37.5%, 3/8) was statistically significant at the 18(th) day post- transplant and was maintained to the end of the study (day 28) (p = 0.019, X(2) = 5.51). Levels of TNF-α and IL-1β were elevated in fatty-liver mice (p = 0.042, p = 0.037). Compared to controls cytokine levels were elevated after islet cell transplantation and in transplanted fatty-liver mice as compared to either fatty- or islet transplant group alone (p = NS). A difference in the histochemical pattern of CD31 could not be determined.

CONCLUSION
Fatty-liver creates an inflammatory state which adversely affects the outcome of autologous islet cell transplantation.

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