Cytokine storm and endotoxin release during cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) have been related to vasoplegic shock and organ dysfunction. We hypothesised that early (during CPB) cytokine adsorption with oXiris membrane for patients at high risk of inflammatory syndrome following cardiac surgery may improve microcirculation, endothelial function and outcomes.
The Oxicard trial is a prospective, monocentric trial, randomising 70 patients scheduled for cardiac surgery. The inclusion criterion is patients aged more than 18 years old undergoing elective cardiac surgery under CPB with an expected CPB time >90 min (double valve replacement or valve replacement plus coronary arterial bypass graft). Patients will be allocated to the intervention group (n=35) or the control group (n=35). In the intervention group, oXiris membrane will be used on the Prismaflex device (Baxter) at blood pump flow of 450 mL/min during cardiac surgery under CPB. In the control group, cardiac surgery under CPB will be conducted as usual without oXiris membrane. An intention-to-treat analysis will be performed. The primary endpoint will be the microcirculatory flow index measured by sublingual microcirculation device at day 1 following cardiac surgery. The secondary endpoints will be other microcirculation variables at CPB end, 6 hours after CPB, at day 1 and at day 2. We also aim to evaluate the occurrence of major cardiovascular and cerebral events (eg, myocardial infarction, stroke, ischaemic mesenteric, resuscitated cardiac arrest, acute kidney injury) within the first 30 days. Cumulative catecholamine use, intensive care unit length of stay, endothelium glycocalyx shedding parameters (syndecan-1, heparan-sulfate and hyaluronic acid), inflammatory cytokines (tumour necrosis factor (TNF) alpha, interleukin 1 (IL1) beta, IL 10, IL 6, lipopolysaccharide, endothelin) and endothelial permeability biomarkers (angiopoietin 1, angiopoietin 2, Tie2 soluble receptor and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) will also be evaluated.
Ethical approval has been obtained from the Institutional Review Board of the University Hospital of Amiens (registration number ID RDB: 2019-A02437-50 in February 2020). Results of the study will be disseminated via peer-reviewed publications and presentations at national and international conferences.

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