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Effect of therapeutic exercises on pregnancy-related low back pain and pelvic girdle pain: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial.

Effect of therapeutic exercises on pregnancy-related low back pain and pelvic girdle pain: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial.
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Kokic IS, Ivanisevic M, Uremovic M, Kokic T, Pisot R, Simunic B,


Kokic IS, Ivanisevic M, Uremovic M, Kokic T, Pisot R, Simunic B, (click to view)

Kokic IS, Ivanisevic M, Uremovic M, Kokic T, Pisot R, Simunic B,

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Journal of rehabilitation medicine 49(3) 251-257 doi 10.2340/16501977-2196
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To investigate the effect of a supervised, structured exercise programme on the occurrence and severity of pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain.

DESIGN
Randomized controlled trial.

SUBJECTS
A total of 45 pregnant women were randomly assigned to 2 groups: an experimental group (n = 20; mean age 32.8 (standard deviation (SD) 3.6) years) and a control group (n = 22; mean age 32.2 years (SD 4.9)).

METHODS
Exercise intervention for the experimental group consisted of aerobic and resistance exercises performed bi-weekly from the date of inclusion into the study until the end of pregnancy, together with at least 30 min of brisk daily walks. A numeric rating scale, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), and Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire (PGQ) were used to measure outcomes. The control group received only standard antenatal care.

RESULTS
There were significant differences between the 2 groups on the numeric rating scale, PGQ and RMDQ scores in the 36th week of pregnancy (p = 0.017; p = 0.005; p < 0.001, respectively) in favour of the experimental group. CONCLUSION
The exercise programme had a beneficial effect on the severity of lumbopelvic pain in pregnancy, reducing the intensity of pain and the level of disability experienced as a result.

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